Gelert: The Martyred Hound
From British Goblins Welsh Folk-lore, Fairy Mythology, Legends and Traditions
by Wirt Sikes (1881)
Prince Llywelyn had a favourite, greyhound named Gelert that had been
given him by his father-in-law, King John of England. He was as gentle as a lamb at home,
but a lion in the chase, so true and so brave that he had no equal in the whole of his
master's dominion. He fed only at Llywelyn's board and sentinelled Llywelyn's bed.
One fine morning the Prince determined to go to the chase, and blew his
horn in front of the castle. All his other hounds came to the call, but Gelert did not
answer it. He blew a louder blast on his horn and shouted, "Come, Gelert, come," saying to
his huntsman that it was strange that Gelert should be the last to hear his horn. But
still the greyhound did not come, and the chase had to ride on without him.
Llywelyn enjoyed the chase of hart and hare through the vales of Snowdon
but little that day, and the booty proved scant and small because Gelert was not there.
Disappointed and displeased he turned back to his castle, and as he came to the gate whom
should he see but Gelert bounding out to greet him. When the hound came near him the
Prince was startled to see that he was smeared all over with gore, and that his lips and
fangs were dripping with blood. Llywelyn gazed at him with fierce surprise, and the
greyhound crouched and licked his feet, as if surprised or afraid at the way his master
received his greeting.
Now, Llywelyn had a little son about two years old with whom Gelert used
to play, and the thought that the hound seemed guilty of something or other made him
hurry towards the child's nursery, Gelert following at his heels. Entering, he saw the
floor and walls besprent with recent blood, and, worst of all, the child's cradle was
overturned; the coverlet was torn and all was daubed with blood. Llywelyn called his son,
but no voice replied: he searched for him, wild with terror, but nowhere could he find
him. He jumped to the conclusion that Gelert had destroyed his boy, and shouting,
"Hell-hound, thou hast devoured my child," the frantic father drew his sword and plunged
it to the hilt in the greyhound's side, who fell with a deep groan, gazing piteously in
his master's eyes.
Gelert's dying groan was answered by a little child's cry from
beneath the overturned cradle. There concealed beneath a tumbled heap which he had
missed in his hurried search, Llywelyn found his little son unharmed and glowing from
his rosy sleep. Just beside him lay the body of a great, gaunt wolf, all torn to pieces
and stiff in death. Too late, Llywelyn realised what had happened while he was at the
chase: Gelert had fought and slain the wolf which had come to destroy Llywelyn's heir.
In vain was all Llywelyn's grief: he could not bring his faithful hound to life again. So he buried him and raised a noble tomb over his bones, repenting his rashness with many tears. He could never bear the thought of the chase after this, and hung his horn and hunting spear at Gelert's grave. To this day the place is called Bedd Gelert, or the Grave of Gelert, and if you go there you will be shown the spot where the remains of the martyred hound lie.
More Welsh Legends
Tales such as attempt to explain the events of the post-Roman period.
Later legends show Breton influence and incorporate the elements of courtly love,
Arthurian tales and pageantry. Other tales incorporate fairies and the supernatural and relate them to features of the landscape.
For example the legend of the 'Meddygon Myddfai' relates that a
farmer in the parish of Myddfai, Carmarthenshire, having bought some lambs in a
neighbouring fair, led them to graze near Llyn y Fan Fach, on the Black Mountains.
Whenever he visited these lambs three beautiful damsels appeared to him from the lake, on
whose shores they often made excursions. Sometimes he pursued and tried to catch them, but
always failed; the enchanting nymphs ran before him ...
is another typical story of an earthling joining the fairy people dating from
takes contact between man and mermaid as its theme.